Are you familiar with Industry 4.0?

Are you familiar with Industry 4.0?

Are you familiar with Industry 4.0?

Are you familiar with Industry 4.0? It is the name for the current trend of automation and data exchange in manufacturing technologies. It is also known as the “fourth industrial revolution”, and to fully understand Industry 4.0, we need to put it in the context of the other industrial revolutions:

First Industrial Revolution: It was a transition to new manufacturing processes that started around 1760 and continued until the 1820-1840 era, in Europe and North America. Rural populations started to become industrial and urban. The increasing use of steam power, the development of machine tools, and the rise of the factory system were part of this period.
Second Industrial Revolution: Also known as the “Technological Revolution”, it took place between 1870 and 1914. It was characterized by the growth of existing industries and expansion of new ones (steel, oil, electricity), and the birth of the assembly line and mass production. The telephone, light bulb and internal combustion engine were all invented around this time.
Third Industrial Revolution: Also known as the “Digital Revolution”, it started somewhere from the late 1950s to late 1970s, and especially accelerated in the 1980s. This period ushered in the era of computers, the Internet, information and communications technology (ICT), and industrial automation where robots and machines began to replace humans on assembly lines.

Industry 4.0 or the fourth industrial revolution, is the child of the third industrial revolution rather than a separate development. Industry 4.0 introduces the concept of the “smart factory” where cyber, physical and smart systems monitor factory processes. Through the Internet of Things (IoT), physical assets and systems communicate with each other and with humans in real-time. Other technologies that are part of Industry 4.0 include big data analytics, cloud computing, artificial intelligence, machine learning, robotics, etc.